It's our responsibility to ensure that those responsible make Britain's railways safe for passengers and provide a safe place for staff to work.
We regulate health and safety for the entire mainline rail network in Britain, as well as London Underground, light rail, trams and the heritage sector.
Annual health and safety report
Every year our HM Chief Inspector of Railways publishes his view on health and safety performance on Britain’s railways. Find out more from our 2020-21 report.
Guidance on station safety, station and train crowding and rail vehicle accessibility.
Reporting RIDDOR incidents
This page provides an overview of the types of accidents and incidents that need to be reported and how they can be reported.
There are approximately 7,500 level crossings in Great Britain. Network Rail manages around 6,000. The rest are located on heritage railways, metro systems and industrial railways.
Safety strategy and guidance
Our health and safety strategy sets out our approach to regulating health and safety risks created and managed by Britain’s railways.
Health and safety investigation and enforcement powers
How we are informed when a serious incident occurs and how we work with other bodies in the railway to find out what has happened and why, and the range of our formal enforcement powers under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974.
Health and safety laws
An overview of the main rail-specific legislation that we enforce using health and safety powers.
Railway infrastructure and vehicle safety
We have powers of investigation and enforcement to ensure that railway operators are controlling risks posed by infrastructure and railway vehicles.
Advice and guidance on occupational health matters for railway managers and employees.
Applying for permissions, certificates or authorisations
We grant health and safety permissions and approvals to railway operators. There is detailed guidance on how to apply.
Pam Warren Report: Is safety really part of the rail industry’s DNA?
ORR commissioned the Pam Warren Report: Is safety really part of the rail industry’s DNA? following the commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the Ladbroke Grove Rail Incident in 1999.