Research and studies

Passengers' awareness of terms and conditions

We commissioned quantitative and focus group research to explore passengers’ awareness of terms and conditions, both in general when travelling by train on the national rail network (the National Rail Conditions of Travel - NRCoT) and specific to ticket type and format.

Ticket machines

Ticket machines (TVMs) are designed to allow rail passengers to make quick and easy ticket purchases at the station, rather than using ticket offices. It’s a popular method, with around a third of passengers using a TVM to buy their tickets.